The Roman colony of Augusta Raurica is located on the south bank of the Rhine, around ten kilometers east of Basel in Switzerland. It was officially founded in 44 BC and developed into the largest city in the region. The civilian settlement remained in existence until around 280 AD. After a temporary reduction in the size of the settlement area, the Castrum Rauracense was built in the northern part of the city around 300 AD, which housed Roman troops for around 100 years.
In the 7th century, Augusta Raurica lost its importance to the up-and-coming regional center of Basel. Today, the ancient settlement area extends over the municipalities of Augst (BL) and Kaiseraugst (AG) and has only been partially built over, which is why it is gradually being explored through archaeological excavations.
Augusta Raurica, named after the Celtic tribe of the Raurics and the Roman Emperor Augustus, was home to up to 20,000 inhabitants in its heyday. The town was characterized by workshops, trading houses, taverns, temples and public baths, which were located close to each other.
Due to the fact that no new city was built in this region in the Middle Ages or in modern times, Augusta Raurica is exceptionally well preserved. The museum displays numerous archaeological finds, including the largest silver treasure from late antiquity. The Roman domestic animal park presents ancient animal breeds, while the remains of the town offer insights into the everyday life of people at the time of Christ’s birth.
Guided tours of Augusta Raurica
During an introductory tour of the Augusta Raurica Museum, visitors can learn all about public life in a Roman town with the help of an impressive bronze model of the town. In addition to the city model, the museum also offers the opportunity to visit an authentically furnished Roman house and admire the largest silver treasure of Roman antiquity. In addition, visitors can immerse themselves for a moment in the time of rousing spectacles in the impressive theater.
The Augusta Raurica Museum presents visitors with a fascinating journey into the past. The bronze city model provides a detailed overview of the architectural structure and public squares of a Roman city. It enables visitors to understand the layout and organization of ancient city life.
Another highlight of the museum is the authentically furnished Roman house. Here, visitors can gain an insight into the everyday life of the Roman inhabitants and experience Roman living culture at first hand. The house is furnished with original furniture and furnishings to offer visitors an authentic experience.
The museum also houses the largest silver treasure of Roman antiquity. This impressive find provides an insight into the artistry and wealth of Roman society. Visitors have the opportunity to admire the artistically designed silver objects and learn more about their significance and use in Roman culture.
Roman festival Augusta Raurica
The annual Roman Festival has been held every August since 1997 and brings the venerable monuments of the ancient Roman city to life. Over 500 participants take part in the performance, creating a lively atmosphere. Both the attractions and the culinary delights are presented on a scientific basis and all participants wear authentic clothing to ensure the most realistic presentation possible.
The Roman Festival is a popular event that appeals to visitors of all ages. During the festival, visitors can travel back in time to ancient Roman times and enjoy various activities and demonstrations. There are displays of historical events, traditional craftsmanship is demonstrated and Roman games and competitions are held. Visitors also have the opportunity to sample the culinary delights on offer, which are based on authentic Roman recipes.
The video below gives a visual impression of the atmosphere and activities on offer at the Roman Festival. It illustrates the liveliness and enthusiasm of the participants as well as the careful reconstruction of the Roman period.
For more information on the guided tours and the Roman Festival, visit Augusta Raurica
Video AUGUSTA RAURICA 2022 | Short Movie | Video von Rolf Schärer